Kia Niro: Hybrid Control System / Troubleshooting

Basic Troubleshooting

Basic Inspection Procedure

Measuring Condition of Electronic Parts' Resistance

The measured resistance at high temperature after vehicle running may be high or low. So all resistance must be measured at ambient temperature (20°C, 68°F), unless stated otherwise.

  

The measured resistance in except for ambient temperature (20°C, 68°F) is reference value.

Intermittent Problem Inspection Procedure

Sometimes the most difficult case in troubleshooting is when a problem symptom occurs but does not occur again during testing. An example would be if a problem appears only when the vehicle is cold but has not appeared when warm. In this case, the technician should thoroughly make out a "Customer Problem Analysis Sheet" and recreate (simulate) the environment and condition which occurred when the vehicle was having the issue.

1.

Clear Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC).

2.

Inspect connector connection, and check terminal for poor connections, loose wires, bent, broken or corroded pins, and then verify that the connectors are always securely fastened.

3.

Lightly shake the connector and wiring harness vertically and horizontally.

4.

Repair or replace the component that has a problem.

5.

Conduct a road test to verify that the problem has been resolved.

● Simulating Vibration

a.

Sensors and Actuators

: Lightly shake the sensors, actuators or relays by finger.

  

Strong vibration may break sensors, actuators or relays

b.

Connectors and Harness

: Lightly shake the connector and wiring harness vertically and then horizontally.

● Simulating Heat

a.

Heat components suspected of causing the malfunction with a hair dryer or other heat source.

  

DO NOT heat components to the point of damaging them.

DO NOT heat the ECM directly.

● Simulating Water Sprinkling

a.

Sprinkle water onto vehicle to simulate a rainy day or a high humidity condition.

  

DO NOT sprinkle water directly into the engine compartment or electronic components.

● Simulating Electrical Load

a.

Turn on all electrical systems to simulate excessive electrical loads (Radios, fans, lights, rear window defogger, etc.).

Connector Inspection Procedure

1.

Handling of Connector

a.

Never pull on the wiring harness when disconnecting connectors.

b.

When removing the connector with a latch, press or pull locking lever.

c.

Listen for a click when locking connectors. This sound indicates that they are securely locked.

d.

When a tester is used to check for continuity, or to measure voltage, always insert tester probe from wire harness side.

e.

Check waterproof connector terminals from the connector side. Waterproof connectors cannot be accessed from harness side.

  

Use a fine wire to prevent damage to the terminal.

Do not damage the terminal when inserting the tester lead.

2.

Checking Point for Connector

a.

While the connector is connected:

Hold the connector, check connecting condition and locking efficiency.

b.

When the connector is disconnected:

Check missed terminal, crimped terminal or broken core wire by slightly pulling the wire harness.

Visually check for rust, contamination, deformation and bend.

c.

Check terminal tightening condition:

Insert a spare male terminal into a female terminal, and then check terminal tightening conditions.

d.

Pull lightly on individual wires to ensure that each wire is secured in the terminal.

3.

Repair Method of Connector Terminal

a.

Clean the contact points using air gun and/or shop rag.

  

Never use sand paper when polishing the contact points, otherwise the contact point may be damaged.

b.

In case of abnormal contact pressure, replace the female terminal.

Wire Harness Inspection Procedure

1.

Before removing the wire harness, check the wire harness position and crimping in order to restore it correctly.

2.

Check whether the wire harness is twisted, pulled or loosened.

3.

Check whether the temperature of the wire harness is abnormally high.

4.

Check whether the wire harness is rotating, moving or vibrating against the sharp edge of a part.

5.

Check the connection between the wire harness and any installed part.

6.

If the covering of wire harness is damaged; secure, repair or replace the harness.

Electrical Circuit Inspection Procedure

● Check Open Circuit

1.

Procedures for Open Circuit

Continuity Check

Voltage Check

If an open circuit occurs (as seen in [FIG. 1]), it can be found by performing Step 2 (Continuity Check Method) or Step 3 (Voltage Check Method) as shown below.

2.

Continuity Check Method

  

When measuring the resistance, lightly shake the wire harness vertically and horizontally..

Specification (Resistance)

1Ω or less → Normal Circuit

1MΩ or Higher → Open Circuit

a.

Disconnect connectors (A) and (C), and measure the resistance between connectors (A) and (C) as shown in [FIG. 2].

In [FIG. 2], the measured resistances of lines 1 and 2 are higher than 1MΩ and below 1 Ω respectively. Specifically, an open circuit is in line 1. (Line 2 is normal.) To find the exact broken point, check sub line of line 1 as described in the next step.

b.

Disconnect connector (B), and measure the resistances between connectors (C) and (B1) and between (B2) and (A) as shown in [FIG. 3].

In this case the measured resistance between connector (C) and (B1) is higher than 1MΩ and the open circuit is between terminal 1 of connector (C) and terminal 1 of connector (B1).

3.

Voltage Check Method

a.

With each connector still connected, measure the voltage between the chassis ground and terminal 1 of each connectors (A), (B) and (C) as shown in [FIG. 4].

The measured voltages of each connector are 5V, 5V and 0V respectively. So the open circuit is between connectors (C) and (B).

● Check Short Circuit

1.

Test Method for Short to Ground Circuit

Continuity Check with Chassis Ground

If short to ground circuit occurs as shown in [FIG. 5], the broken point can be found by performing Step 2 (Continuity Check Method with Chassis Ground) as shown below.

2.

Continuity Check Method (with Chassis Ground)

  

Lightly shake the wire harness above and below, or from side to side when measuring the resistance.

Specification (Resistance)

1Ω or less → Short to Ground Circuit

1MΩ or Higher → Normal Circuit

a.

Disconnect connectors (A) and (C), and measure the resistance between connector (A) and Chassis Ground as shown in [FIG. 6].

The measured resistances of lines 1 and 2 in this example are below 1 Ω and higher than 1 MΩ respectively. Specifically, a short to ground circuit is in line 1. (Line 2 is normal.) To find the exact broken point, check the sub line of line 1 as described in the following step.

b.

Disconnect connector (B), and measure the resistance between connector (A) and chassis ground, and between (B1) and chassis ground as shown in [FIG. 7].

The measured resistance between connector (B1) and chassis ground is 1Ω or less. The short to ground circuit is between terminal 1 of connector (C) and terminal 1 of connector (B1).

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