Kia Niro: Service Highlight / General safety information and caution

Kia Niro 2017 (DE HEV) Service Manual / Service Highlight / General safety information and caution

Safety Precaution
Precautions to take before servicing high voltage system
  

Since hybrid vehicles contain a high voltage battery, if the high voltage system or vehicles are handled incorrectly, this might lead to a serious accidents like electric shock and electric leakage.

  

Be sure to shut off the high voltage by removing the safety plug before performing inspection or repairing the high voltage system.(Refer to “High Voltage Shut-off Procedures”)

Keep the safety plug completely removed to prevent the plug from being connected by mistake.

Do not keep any metal objects (watch, ring etc.) while working on the high voltage system, which it can cause serious accidents like electric shock.

Before beginning work on the high voltage system, the worker should wear personal protective equipment to prevent safety accidents. (Refer to “Personal Protective Equipment”)

Never allow technician to work on high voltage systems who are not wearing personal protective equipment. High voltage components should be covered with an insulation sheet to prevent safety accidents.

Use insulation tools when working on the high voltage system.

Put the removed high voltage components on the insulation mat.

  

All the high voltage wiring and connectors are orange.

A caution label for high voltage is attached to the high voltage components.

High voltage components:

High Voltage Battery Pack Assembly, Power Relay Assembly (PRA), BMS ECU, Hybrid Power Control Unit (HPCU), Hybrid Drive Motor, HSG, Electric A/C Compressor, Low DC/DC Converter (LDC), Power Cable, Electric Compressor etc.

  

Place "High Voltage" caution signs as shown on image below. To prevent technician injury.


Personal Protective Equipment
Name
Illustration
Description
Insulation gloves

Used when inspecting or working on the high voltage components
[Insulation performance : 1000V / 300A or above]
Insulation shoes

Used when inspecting or working on the high voltage components
Insulation clothes

Insulation helmet

Safety glasses

Used in the following cases :
• During Removal & installation or inspection of the high voltage battery terminals or wiring, which spark might happen.
• When working on the high voltage battery pack assembly.
Face shield

Insulation mat

All removed high voltage components are placed on an insulation mat to prevent safety accidents.
Insulation sheet

Insulation sheet is used to cover high voltage components to protect people not wearing personal protective equipment from safety accidents.
Warning tape

Used for infomring that it is dangerous to come over this line.

Personal Protective Equipment Inspection

Check that the personal protective equipment is not damaged.

Check that the insulation gloves are not torn or damaged.

Wear the insulation glove after removing moisture.


  

① Fold the insulation glove as above.

② Fold again 3~4 times to make it airtight.

② Squeeze the inflated glove to see if the glove is torn or damaged.

Precautions to take when handling power cable

Immediately insulate the high voltage terminal after reconnecting the terminal (use insulation tape).

Tighten the high voltage terminal screw to torque specifications.

Be careful that (+) and (-) terminals do not come in contact when connecting or disconnecting power cable and busbar.


Precautions to take when handling high voltage battery

When transporting high voltage battery, be sure to keep it flat and leveled. Failure to do so may decrease the battery performance and/or its life-span.

High voltage battery's performance may decrease if it is exposed to high temperature for a lengthy period. As a result, heat-treatment after painting must not exceed 70°C (158°F) / 30 minutes, or 80°C (176°F) / 20 minutes.


Precautions in case of fire on high voltage battery system

If the fire occurs indoor, ventilate the area to let out hydrogen gas.

ABC fire extinguisher is recommended for putting out the fire. (water may also be used).


Precautions in case of high voltage battery gas or electrolyte leakage

Turn OFF the Start button. Keep the Smart Key at least 2 meters (78.7 inch, 6.5 feet) away from the vehicle to prevent unintended engine start.

Gas is hydrogen and alkaline vapor. If the leakage is indoor, ventilate the area immediately and evacuate to a safe location.

If the leaked liquid comes in contact with skin, immediately neutralize the affected area with boric acid solution, then clean with tap water or saline solution.

If the leaked vapor or liquid gets in the eye, immediately clean the affected eye with water then get medical attention.

If the gas leakage is caused by high temperature, then do NOT use the battery until the high voltage battery fully cools down to room temperature.


Precautions when handling the vehicle after an accident

Be sure to wear insulated gloves (or rubber gloves), protective goggles, insulated suite, and insulated boots.

Do NOT touch bare cable under any condition (refer to "Precautions when handling power cable.")

In case of vehicle fire, put out the fire with ABC extinguisher. Do NOT use water (usage of large volume of water is okay, but small volume can worsen the situation).

If more than half of the vehicle is submerged, then do NOT go near the Safety Switch or other high voltage related components. If such a component must be accessed, then move the vehicle to the safe location first before handling the component.

Gas is hydrogen and alkaline vapor. If the leakage is indoor, ventilate the area immediately and evacuate to a safe location.

If the leaked liquid comes in contact with skin, immediately neutralize the affected area with boric acid solution, then clean with tap water or saline solution.

Refer to "High voltage cut-off procedure" if the high voltage needs to be cut off.


Preparations when servicing the accident vehicle

Be sure to wear insulated gloves (or rubber gloves), protective goggles, insulated suite, and insulated boots.

Boric Acid Power or Solution

ABC Extinguisher

Towel for cleaning electrolyte

Vinyl tape (for insulating terminal)

Mega ohm tester (for checking high voltage)


Precautions in case HEV is left unattended for a lengthy period

Turn OFF the Start button. Keep the Smart Key at least 2 meters (78.7 inch, 6.5 feet) away from the vehicle to prevent unintended engine start.

We recommend that HEV is driven at least 1 time for over 30 minutes every 2 months to protect and manage the high voltage battery (inquire at relevant team in HMC).

When inspecting or exchanging the auxiliary battery, check high voltage battery SOC reset related problems.


Service Highlight
...

High voltage shut-off procedures
High Voltage Shut-off Procedures    • Be sure to read and follow the “General Safety Informat ...

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