Kia Niro: Energy flow / Engine Only Propulsion

Engine power is used to move the vehicle. (Engine ➞ Wheel)

Power Assist
Electric and Engine power are used to move the vehicle. (Battery & Engine ➞ Wheel) ...

Engine Generation
Vehicle is stopped with the Engine charging the hybrid battery. (Engine ➞ Battery) ...

Other information:

Kia Niro (DE HEV) Owners Manual: ECONOMICAL and SAFE OPERATION of Hybrid system
Drive smoothly. Accelerate at a moderate rate and maintain a steady cruising speed. Don't make "jackrabbit" starts. Don't race between stoplights. Avoid heavy traffic whenever possible. Always maintain a safe distance from other vehicles so you can avoid unnecessary bra ...

Kia Niro 2017 (DE HEV) Service Manual: Camshaft Position Sensor (CMPS) Troubleshooting
Signal Waveform This example shows a typical Crankshaft Position Sensor (CKPS) and Camshaft Position Sensor (CMPS) waveforms at idle. The PCM controls the injection and ignition timing by using these signals. Generally, the CKPS signal is used to detect the piston position whe ...

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