Kia Niro: ESP(Electronic Stability Program) System / Description and operation

Description of ESP

Electronic Stability Program (ESP) recognizes critical driving conditions, such as panic reactions in dangerous situations, and stabilizes the vehicle by wheel-individual braking and engine control intervention.

ESP adds a further function known as Active Yaw Control (AYC) to the ABS, TCS, EBD and ESP functions. Whereas the ABS/TCS function controls wheel slip during braking and acceleration and, thus, mainly intervenes in the longitudinal dynamics of the vehicle, active yaw control stabilizes the vehicle about its vertical axis.

This is achieved by wheel individual brake intervention and adaptation of the momentary engine torque with no need for any action to be taken by the driver.

ESP essentially consists of three assemblies : the sensors, the electronic control unit and the actuators.

The stability control feature works under all driving and operating conditions. Under certain driving conditions, the ABS/TCS function can be activated simultaneously with the ESP function in response to a command by the driver.

In the event of a failure of the stability control function, the basic safety function, ABS, is still maintained.

Description of ESP Control

ESP system includes ABS/EBD, TCS and AYC function.

ABS/EBD function : The ECU changes the active sensor signal (current shift) coming from the four wheel sensors to the square wave. By using the input of above signals, the ECU calculates the vehicle speed and the acceleration & deceleration of the four wheels. And, the ECU judges whether the ABS/EBD should be actuated or not.

TCS function prevents the wheel slip of drive direction by adding the brake pressure and engine torque reduction via CAN communication. TCS function uses the wheel speed sensor signal to determine the wheel slip as far as ABS function.

AYC function prevents unstable maneuver of the vehicle. To determine the vehicle maneuver, AYC function uses the maneuver sensor signals(Yaw Rate Sensor, Lateral Acceleration Sensor, Steering Wheel Angle Sensor).

If vehicle maneuver is unstable (Over Steer or Under Steer), AYC function applies the brake pressure on certain wheel, and send engine torque reduction signal by CAN.

After the key-on, the ECU continually diagnoses the system failure. (self-diagnosis)If the system failure is detected, the ECU informs driver of the system failure through the BRAKE/ABS/ESP warning lamp. (fail-safe warning)

Input and Output Diagram

ESP Operation Mode
ESP Hydraulic System Diagram

1.

ESP Non-operation : Normal braking.

Solenoid valve
Continuity
Valve
Motor pump
TC Valve
IN (NO)
OFF
OPEN
OFF
OFF
OUT (NC)
OFF
CLOSE

2.

ESP operation

Solenoid valve
Continuity
Valve
Motor pump
TC Valve
Understeering
(Only inside of rear wheel)
IN(NO)
OFF
OPEN
ON
ON
OUT(NC)
OFF
CLOSE
Oversteering
(Only outside of front wheel)
IN(NO)
OFF
OPEN
OUT(NC)
OFF
CLOSE

ABS Warning Lamp module

The active ABS warning lamp module indicates the self-test and failure status of the ABS. The ABS warning lamp shall be on:

During the initialization phase after IGN ON. (continuously 3 seconds).

In the event of inhibition of ABS functions by failure.

During diagnostic mode.

When the ECU Connector is seperated from ECU.

Cluster lamp is ON when communication is impossible with CAN module.

EBD/Parking Brake Warning Lamp Module

The active EBD warning lamp module indicates the self-test and failure status of the EBD. However, in case the Parking Brake Switch is turned on, the EBD warning lamp is always turned on regardless of EBD functions. The EBD warning lamp shallbe on:

During the initialization phase after IGN ON. (continuously 3 seconds).

When the Parking Brake Switch is ON or brake fluid level is low.

When the EBD function is out of order .

During diagnostic mode.

When the ECU Connector is seperated from ECU.

Cluster lamp is ON when communication is impossible with CAN module.

ESP Function/Warning Lamp (ESP system)

The ESP function/warning lamp indicates the self-test and failure status of the ESP.

The ESP function/warning lamp is turned on under the following conditions :

During the initialization phase after IGN ON. (continuously 3 seconds).

When the ESP function is inhibited by system failure.

When the ESP control is operating. (Blinking - 2Hz)

During diagnostic mode.(Except standard mode)

Cluster lamp is ON when communication is impossible with CAN module.

ESP Off Lamp (ESP system)

The ESP Off lamp indicates the self-test and operating status of the ESP.

The ESP Off lamp operates under the following conditions :

During the initialization mode after IGN ON. (continuously 3 seconds).

ESP Off lamp is On when driver input the ESP Off switch.

ESP On/Off Switch (ESP system)

The ESP On/Off Switch shall be used to toggle the ESP function between On/Off states based upon driver input.

The On/Off switch shall be a normally open, momentary contact switch.Closed contacts switch the circuit to ignition.

Initial status of the ESP function is on and switch toggle the state.

Components and components location
Components 1. Pressure Source Unit (PSU) 2. Integrated Brake Actuation Unit (IBAU) 3. Front wheel speed sensor 4. Rear wheel speed sensor ...

Troubleshooting
Failure Diagnosis 1. In principle, ESP and TCS controls are prohibited in case of ABS failure. 2. When ESP or TCS fails, only the failed system ...

Other information:

Kia Niro 2017 (DE HEV) Service Manual: Power Relay Assembly (PRA) Repair procedures
Removal    • Be sure to read and follow the “General Safety Information and Caution” before doing any work related with the high voltage system. Failure to follow the safety instr ...

Kia Niro (DE HEV) Owners Manual: LCD Modes
(1) Trip Computer mode This mode displays driving information like the tripmeter, fuel economy, and so on. ❈ For more details, refer to “Trip Computer” in this chapter. (2) Turn By Turn mode (if equipped) This mode displays the state of the navigation. (3) LKAS/SCC mode (if equipped) ...

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